“Sumuktokulen Dere” – witness and “cemetery” of terrible slaughter
On May 04, 1918 Armenians brought the troops of Andronik to the Basarkechar territory in an underhand way and that night Armenian troops attacked the villages where Muslims lived. Armenians burned and plundered the villages, killed and tortured innocent people. Ashig Najaf was burned in hot samovar that night.
Kavar (Kamo), Bayazit (Sevan), Gozaldara, Hachali, Yarpizli, Azizli, Tusgulu, Yukhari Zagha, Karkibash, Ganli, Girkhbulag, Ashagi Marza, Yukhari Marza, Dashkand, Ashagi Shorcha, Yukhari Shorcha, Sarigayub, Gayabashi, Zarkand, Agkilsa, Panbah, Narimanli, Agyokhush, Garagoyunlu, Goysu, Janahmad, Inakdaghi, Shishgaya, Shorchasi, Tokhluja, Zod and in total 35 villages were utterly destroyed by Andronik’s troops, and Basarkechar village was given as a sacrifice to Armenians. Muslim population was slaughtered to such an extent that Kalbajari people did not have time to bury them.
The slaughter in “Dikyurd” and “Soyudlu” located not far from Kalbajar was terrible as well. “Sumuktokan Dara” became the witness of those years. Goycha lost 17 thousand people in that fights and slaughter.
On April 2, 1993 Kalbajar was occupied by armenian aggressors. As a result of the invasion more than 54 thousand settlers were displaced, 321 were held hostages, 511 were brutally killed, 97 schools, 9 kindergardens, 116 libraries, 43 clubs, 42 cultural centers, Museum of history, 9 hospitals, 75 medical stations, 23 ambulatories, 9 chemist’s, hundreds of administrative buildings, thousands of flats, 100 thousand cattle, 500 thousand sheep, hundreds of cars and maschines were ravaged and billions of wealth of region were carried to Armenia.
As a result of occupation Kalbajar region which is Located outside of Nagorno Karabakh and is land of 58 thousand people by Armenian Military Forces, civil people were lynched and displaced from their mother lands of thousand years.
At its 3205th meeting, the UN Security Council adopted the resolution #822 after the occupation of Kalbajar. The resolution demanded immediate withdrawal of all occupying forces from Kalbajar. No obligation arising from the resolution has been fulfilled up to now.
Residents of Kalbajar are living in 707 settlements for IDPs in 56 regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 13.000 flats, 37,852 hectares of forests are still ravaged. Contradicting the principles of UN and OSCE settling of armenians in the area of Kalbajar had been started since 1999.
It is terrible that no one knew about the people who died in the mountains. That terrible valley full of bones was known in Geography as “Sumuktokulen Dere”.
In winter 1918 Armenian invaders drove out Azeri Turks lived in 32 villages located in the north part of Kalbajar and plundered their property. That winter was very cold. Suffice it to say that 3-4 hundred families died in mountains in storm running away barefooted and bare-headed. Those who survived took refuge at Kalbajari people.
The fact that Azerbaijan had the same borders with Armenia was one of the reasons of gradual occupation or, as a result of insidious policy of Soviet Union, presenting Azerbaijani soil as a “gift”. Strangers always wanted to occupy Kalbajar due to its underground and surface treasure.
There is the order regarding determination of the borders between Armenia and Azerbaijan, issued by Vali Akhundov, the First Secretary of Azerbaijan Communist Party Central Committee, on 13 May 1969. The mentioned document states: «The draft decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR regarding the approval of graphic border lines between Azerbaijan SSR and Armenian SSR is approved.
Vali Akhundov, the First Secretary
of of Azerb. CP CC
13 May 1969»
«A presentation, regarding approval of the graphic border lines at 1:25000 scale between Azerbaijan SSR and Armenian SSR, was received by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR from the Soviet of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR. We submit the draft decision, regarding the issues in question, to your disposal.
Please find attached the draft decision.
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme
Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR:
M. Isgandarov, 22 April 1969».
The draft decsision is as follows:
of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR on approval of the graphic border lines between Азerbаijаn ССR and Armeanian SSR
the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR, reviewing the materials regarding precise definition of the graphic border lines between Azerbaijan and Armenian SSR, submitted to the Authorized Commission by the Soviet of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR and approved by Transcaucasian Central Executive Committee, decided:
1. To approve the graphic border lines between Azerbaijan and Armenian SSR, submitted by the Soviet of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR, approved by Transcaucasian Central Executive Committee and transferred into the a topographic map of 1:25000 scale by the authorized commissions of the both republics.
2. To instruct the Soviet of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR to ensure the establishment of the graphic lines, stipulated in the map, on location in the relevant area together with the representatives of Armenian SSR, by December of the current year ».
It should be mentioned that Vali Akhundov, the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Connumist Party of Azerbaijan SSR, passed this decision after the letter (No. 01/02-2-22) of M.Isgandarov, the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR. For the time being, we know that a great part of Kalbajar’s lands was given to Armenians at those times. Perhaps, the fate of that lost lands depended on the above-mentioned decision, or Soyudlu gold deposits were given to Armenians under that decision. For the time being, we are not able to prove it, since the mentioned map drawn in 1927-1930 is not available, because Armenians hve changed the map in the way fit for them or they have taken it from the archive.
There is an other interesting material regarding this topic, which is worthy of attention.
The letter of 25 April 1969, sent by N.F.Huseynbayov, the minister of Agriculture of Azerbaijan SSR, to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan SSR, states: «...till 1968, the graphic border lines between Azerbaijan and Armenian SSR were established according to the materials of the State Geological Cartography Department, dated in 1945, which were not approved by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR. The commission established for settlement of land disputes arising between several land users of Azerbaijan SSR and Armenian SSR, unanimously, agreed that the cartographic materials, approved by Transcaucasian Central Cartogrphy Department in 1927-1930, were approved as the basis for graphic border lines between Azerbaijan and Armenian SSR. While the borderlines were transferred to the map of 1:25000 scale some adjustments, taking into account relief and and other elements in the large-sclae map, were made in graphic lines. During the adjustment of graphic border lines approved under the materals of Transcaucasian Central Cartogrphy Department dated in 1945, s agreed with Armenian SSR, 3488 hectare of Azerbaijan lands were consolidate with the administrative territory of Armenian SSR and 2584 hectare of Armenian lands were consolidated with the administrative territory of Azerbaijan SSR»…